SINUSITIS





Sinusitis
Ear Tubes
About Otolaryngology
Allergies
Balance
Ears
Head and Neck Surgery
Hearing
Nose
Sinuses
Snoring & Sleep Disorders
Throat, Voice, Swallowing
Thyroid / Parathyroid
Tobacco and Cancer
General Topics
Kids E.N.T. Health


Causes of Sinusitis
What are sinuses?
Acute Vs. Chronic Sinusitis
Treatment of Sinusitis





Causes of Sinusitis


There are many causes of sinusitis. Certain activities and predisposition may put you at a greater risk. Below are lists of the more common causes of sinusitis.


  Allergies

  Allergies are one of the most common causes of sinusitis.

  Hay fever

  House Dust Mite allergy

  Pollen allergy

  Dander from Cat or Dog

  Mold allergy


Sinus blockage

The following contribute to tissue swelling in the sinus cavity causing the sinus to become blocked and not allowing free air and mucus to flow.

Allergic rhinitis

Deviated septum

Nasal polyps, obstructing the opening of the sinus

Viral respiratory infections

Fungal infections

<BACK TO TOP>



What are Sinuses?

Sinuses are hollow air spaces that lie within the facial bones. The sinuses produce close to a liter of fluid per day that cleanses the passageways and provides necessary moisture to the lining of each sinus cavity. When people say, "I am having a sinus attack" they are referring to symptoms within one or more of the hollow cavities, or spaces, known as paranasal sinuses. These cavities include the frontal sinuses, above the brow of the eyes; the maxillary sinuses inside the cheekbone; the ethmoid sinuses behind the bridge of the nose and between the eyes; and behind them, the sphenoids in the upper region of the nose and behind the eyes. Each sinus allows for free air and mucus exchange. Tiny hairs called cilia, line the sinus and help flush out the fluid in a constant motion. Occasionally when infection or allergy irritates the sinuses the sinuses can swell causing a blockage within the sinus cavity. Air trapped within an obstructed sinus, along with pus or other secretions, may cause inflammation and pressure against the sinus wall. The result is usually an intense pain called a sinus infection or sinusitis.

CAT SCAN IMAGES

Normal Sinus Cat Scan




Abnormal Sinus Cat Scan


Symptoms of Sinusitis

Sinusitis has its own localized pain centers. For example, if the frontal sinuses were affected then the pain signal would be generated above the eyebrows. If the maxillary sinus cavities were affected, then you would have pain and or tenderness over the cheek areas. Infections in the maxillary sinus cavities have also been known to cause jaw and teeth tenderness. If the ethmoid sinuses are infected you could have pain and tenderness between the eyes. Ethmoid inflammation can also cause anosmia (loss of smell) and a stuffy nose. Although the sphenoids are less frequently affected, infection in this area can cause earaches, neck pain, and deep aching at the top of the head. However, most patients with sinusitis have pain in several sinuses. Other symptoms of sinusitis can include fever, weakness and fatigue. In addition, drainage from the sinuses can cause inflammation of the larynx making it difficult to speak. In severe rare occasions, sinusitis can cause brain infections and serious complications.

<BACK TO TOP>


Acute Vs. Chronic Sinusitis


Acute Sinusitis

This particular sinus problem is the more common condition. It usually lasts about seven to ten days and often follows a cold. The tissue of the sinus will swell and become inflamed which in turn will cause pain and discomfort.


Chronic Sinusitis

Chronic Sinusitis refers to inflammation of the sinuses that continues for at least three weeks, but often continues for months or even years. This condition is usually the result of repeated or untreated acute infections. The most common cause of chronic sinusitis is due to allergic rhinitis (see allergy section) Inhalation of airborne allergens such as dust, pollen, mold, and dander, often can set off an allergic response, which exacerbate the sinusitis.

<BACK TO TOP>

 

Treatment of Sinusitis


First the doctor will need to make a diagnosis. A diagnosis can be made by medical history, physical examination, X-rays, and occasionally if it is necessary a CT scan (Computed Tomography). Once the diagnosis has been established the course of treatment may vary depending on the cause and severity of the problem.


One of the courses of treatment is prescribing decongestants to reduce the congestion, and antibiotics to control bacterial infection. Doctors often prescribe steroid nasal spays to help reduce the congestion, swelling and inflammation of the sinuses.

Although sinus surgery in usually the last option for chronic sinusitis, it may be indicated if there is a strong history to support it and the above treatments have failed. Studies have shown that patients that undergo surgery have fewer symptoms and have a better quality of life. In children, performing an adenoidectomy (surgical removal of the adenoids) often eliminates the obstruction caused by the adenoids. The most common form of sinus surgery is functional endoscopic sinus surgery, in which the natural openings to the sinuses are enlarged to allow natural drainage. This type of surgery is less invasive


If you feel that you suffer from sinusitis or allergic rhinitis please make an appointment to discuss this with the doctor. Remember we are only a phone call a way to better health. Please call (972) 492-6990

<BACK TO TOP>





Join the Allergy Testing and Treatment Center Mailing List

Enter Email:










ear nose throat information Allergy Testing Dallas Fort Worth Plano Texas Ear Nose & Throat
Find answers to questions you may have about common Ear, Nose and Throat ailments.

read more



Dustmite Allergy Information Allergy Testing Dallas Fort Worth Plano Texas Allergy Information
Learn about indoor, outdoor allergies and other helpful allergy advice here.

read more




Environment Control Hepa filter Allergy Testing Dallas Fort Worth Plano Texas
Environmental Control
Allergies out of control? Visit here to learn how to control your environment and beat the allergy out of your home!

read more



Pollen Count by Email Allergy Testing Dallas Fort Worth Plano Texas
Pollen Count By Email

Do you want to get the pollen count in your email box?


read more



Pollen Archives Allergy Testing Dallas Fort Worth Plano Texas Pollen Count Archives
We have several years worth of past pollen counts in our archives.


read more


Allergy Testing Allergy Testing
We offer the most up to date and accurate allergy skin testing available.

read more



Call our Allergy hotline 972-ALLERGY Allergy Hotline!
Quick and easy way to check the pollen count!
read more




Pollen Guide know what the values mean Pollen Count Guide
So what does the pollen numbers mean anyways?

read more


Air Quality Index Air Quality Index
Ozone is a gas that is formed in the atmosphere when three atoms of oxygen combine. Naturally occurring ozone is found high in the stratosphere surrounding the earth and in ground-level ambient air.

read more


Daily Pollen Count Daily Pollen Count
Here you will find the daily pollen count and other helpful allergy information for the Dallas Fort Worth Texas metroplex area.

read more



Call our Allergy Hotline
972-A.L.L.E.R.G.Y.

Visit our allergy site @ www.allergic.com